tv BBC World News America PBS June 21, 2013 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." after a night of filing protests, brazil's president holds an emergency meeting, but so far, the country's no sign of abating. -- so far, the country's protests show no sign of abating. singaporeion in reaches record levels after fighters from neighboring indonesia force people to take for cautions. x-files -- up the for 60 years, britain's government tracked uso fighting.
now we are getting a look at what i have found. -- britain's government tracked ufo sightings. now we are getting a look at what they found. our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. today, brazil's government held an emergency cabinet meeting to address the worst unrest the country has seen in decades. the demonstrations were the biggest so far with protesters expressing their anger over publicing from poor services to the amount of money being spent on next year's world cup. >> police acted firmly and decisively to break up the biggest demonstrations escalated over a week ago.
they are the worst in 30 years, since the end of a dictatorship, and still, there's been no word from the president, who has been holding emergency meetings today. more than one million people took to the streets across the country. in rio, a chance to march on city hall were met with volleys of tear gas and rubber bullets. >> the protesters have set fires and at the end of the road, and the police are again moving forward. they have been firing tear gas to try to keep the protesters at bay. >> today, there was a lot of cleaning up to do. there will be no world cup, this graffiti reads, but fifa says there are no plans to cancel this week's federation cup, let alone next year's world event. >> the brazilian people have been waiting for an opportunity
for their voices to be heard for such a long time, and, like i said, there are many reasons. >> the protests have united brazilians across the social spectrum. what started with anger at increased bus fares has become about so much more. >> we are trying to show them , andwe run this country they have to work for us. >> roderigo is a university professor. he agrees with the activists. he does not think the government is spending money in the right way. he said they all want more. they want their rights, their voices to be heard, and a fair and transparent government. >> this was not the image brazil wanted the world to see, and even though some social media pages have been taken down, more demonstrations have been planned as the government and people decide where this mass movement goes next.
>> brazil is hardly alone in this scene of mass protests lately. it has been nearly a week since my police stormed a park in central istanbul, which had been occupied by anti--government protesters. some isolated demonstrations are continuing, so what comes next for the movement? >> colmer waters in istanbul, at least for now, but under the surface, there are some powerful currents swirling. the prime minister has shown his strength, but he now faces a challenge. gomal life in istanbul will on, but something sustains because after 10 years of weak opposition to this government, these protests have brought a dynamic to turkish politics. and this was the first example, the standing man at taksim
square, inspiring others to stand in protest. for many protesters, the struggle must continue. >> we have a lot of people, and we think they should be free. they do not want us to sit down and talk to guys when we talk, things will change. >> the balance has to be right. others are more cautious, arguing that a point has been made and hoping the government will pay more attention in the future. >> the economy has suffered, and so have local businesses. in that sense, i do not support further protests, but if the prime minister had expressed himself better, if he had been more accommodating, things would never have got so bad. he likes to project power. this is how he travels to his
political rally. to his critics, the heavy- handed police response to the protest symbolizes the heavy- handed attitude of his government. for some, enough is enough. >> they do not want to be told how to lead their lives, how many children they should have, what kind of bread they should eat, what they should drink or not. they are just fed up. it is also partly a reflection of the fact that people decided that they needed to speak up, to sort of remind the government that there are these other people out there who have a different view of how the country should be run and that their views should be respected and taken into account. >> so at 9:00 every night, they bang their pots and pans in noisy protests against the government that has won three elections and looks set to win another. they are calling for a more pluralistic democracy. only the prime minister himself can decide if they will get one.
, intenseer news now fighting is continuing in the last major rebel stronghold of aleppo in syria. after taking control of a strategically important town, pro-government forces are now bombarding aleppo with heavy and -- heavy artillery. major flooding and torrential rain has shut down much of the center of calgary in canada. nearly 100,000 people have been ordered to leave their homes, and the mayor warns the worst is yet to come. the flooding has washed out roads and bridges, or sing a closure of a section of the trans canada highway. 12 communities are under state of emergency. now to singapore, where air pollution has soared to record heights for a third day in a row. smoke is coming from fires burning in neighboring indonesia. it has caused a diplomatic spat and disrupted everyday life for
millions. >> a pale, grey cloud has dissented on singapore, and its guy scrapers are almost lost in the haze. the air is a quick tiny particles carried on the wind from indonesia. people working out of doors have been warned to take special care, and everyone is feeling the impact. >> i'm surprised that the office is still open. , the wholepressing atmosphere, the environment. you do not really feel motivated to step out, but you have to. >> the greatest risk is to anyone suffering from asthma. almost all children are wearing masks, even indoors. for these kids, there's no question of playing in the open. isone point today, what called the pollutant standard index reached a record level.
>> obviously, with the psi being a 400 right now, it's really not safe for them to be out. my daughter has mild asthma, so i do not want her to be exposed at all. >> this picture shows the scale of the cloud of smoke reaching from indonesia across to singapore and malaysia. by zooming in, authorities can see the fire, and they have already blamed eight companies who have been clearing forest to make way for plantation. this kind of burning is against the law, but it's rarely enforced. the result is that the fire, which may now be out of control, is generating this dense haze, drifting on the wind, and they are likely to keep burning for weeks or even months. indonesia is now under massive measure. firefighters face and almost impossible challenge, and they are up against powerful local interest.
is very bigtion business. >> the burning happens when after the major trees have been cleared for timber, there will be scrub forests or grasslands, and the planters will literally pour petrol on the ground and set fire to it with the hope of clearing that scrub. >> one view of the haze over singapore. the pollution has raised , but thein the region fires may go on until the rains come in several months time. >> if you worked on wall street this week, the words "thank goodness it's friday" are truer than usual. after wednesday's word from federal chairman ben bernanke regarding plans to wind down stimulus measures, the markets went on a wild ride, dropping 350 points in today's. today, things things were a bit -point with around 40
rebound, but for more on the uncertainty and what has investors so worried, i spoke a brief time ago with an economics reporter for the "wall street journal." thank you for coming in. it has been quite a roller coaster. is it significant or just one of those wall street spasms? >> there are a lot of wall street spasms ahead for sure, but it is significant. where for years into this recovery, and it has been anchored by a lot of easy money policies. we have seen financial authorities really step up and keep their feet on the accelerator throughout this recovery, and that helped us paper over a lot of the best we have seen through the economy. we have certainly seen many in the eurozone, certainly in the united states and even in asia. what we are starting to see now is investors shake a little bit. >> by the same token, this is
kind of a counterintuitive reaction. it is good news, surely, that the fed thinks that the economy is recovering enough that it can ease off the stimulus. >> it absolutely is. you want the fed to not only ease off but to start tightening policy in the long run. it is usually a reflection of a good economy when the fed has to do something like that. there's an incredible amount of concern and anxiety right now among investors about whether the recovery is real. there have been moments when it looked like we were ready to just that back a little bit, to move beyond the crisis iraq, and everything started to fall apart beyond the crisis era, and everything started to fall apart again. a lot of people are not sure if we are ready for the training wheels to come off this global recovery at the moment, and that is what is creating this level of concern. >> are we addicted to stimulus, or are there real grounds for these fears?
>> we probably are a little too addicted to stimulus, and that will be hard to reconcile. interest rates have been near zero since 2008. we are probably looking at another year or two years of that i'm a which is a long way to go when you have a completely different regime running the economy. it's going to be really tough to come off of that. there are some signs of ,rogress in the housing market slow improvement in the labor market, but once again, we are seeing trouble in europe. you are seeing trouble in asia. all the things on the horizon are creeping up on us. >> a quick look at china. tona's economy is beginning slow. how much of an impact could that have on the u.s. economy? >> it could have a fairly significant impact. china was really an anchor of the early steps of the recovery. they stepped in really quickly, and now even in china, there are
concerns about too much liquidity in the system. maybe they have done too much and created too much risk. the chinese economy is slowing, and that will certainly reverberate around the world very quickly if we do not see a handle on that soon. >> thank you very much indeed. >> thank you. >> you are watching "bbc world news." still to come on tonight's program -- stranded on a glacier in greenland. after their plane crashed, a crew lived one of the greatest survival stories in history. massive rescue operation is underway to reach survivors in the flood hit areas in india. at least 500 50 people had died, and more than 50,000 are stranded after floods swept away buildings and triggered landslides -- at least 550 people have died, and more than 50,000 are stranded.
>> this iconic hindu shrine now completely washed away. we are on board and indian air force helicopter -- and indian air force helicopter. ,he weather has not been good and the difficult terrain has hampered the rescue operation. >> hundreds of people still stranded here, desperate for .elp the indian army, air force, and other disaster management agencies have been working around the clock to help the survivors. arrived here, it started raining incessantly, so we could not travel any further. then the river started overflowing, and buildings started collapsing. but for those who have been rescued, it is no less than a
miracle. some need urgent medical help, and many have not open to their a week. for more than authorities, meanwhile, are still assessing the scale of the disaster. >> absolute normalcy is far off. >> meanwhile, it is an anxious wait for thousands like these people here to reunite with their loved ones. >> in south africa, one of the country's most prominent women is trying to shake up the political system. she is starting a new party that she hopes will take votes from disillusioned voters, but can she really challenge the former party -- the party of former
president nelson mandela? >> critics may dismiss her as a one-man band, but she is a figure to watch. famed for her role in the struggle against apartheid, she is launching a party to challenge the governing party that she believes is out of step with voter demands. >> it will become a very sad place, a country with enormous potential with our natural resources, our mineral resources, our human resources, and yet, underperforming our potential. >> it demonstrates the inequality. >> is part part of an urban .ostapartheid generation
does not have experience, and people have less interest in political him because party is no longer the most important factor. >> the new party has promised to grow the economy and create jobs. but many want the anc to deliver this. loyalty for the party that brought liberation still runs deep. yet, here in the eastern cape, there may still be votes. these are the neighborhoods where 40 years ago, they fought for black people to get the vote. today, there are fresh challenges. corruption is taking its toll on a new generation.
be having libraries here. we do not even have a library. >> some of the classrooms barely have floors, not the best conditions for a decent education. it will be a says top priority. she may not be as light on her feet as south africa's present, but her party has pledged to stamp out corruption and hold leaders to account, two reasons why some disillusioned voters might just give her a chance. things up in south africa. now, stranded on a glacier with no help in sight, during world war ii, that's where five americans found themselves after their plane crashed in greenland. when to rescue missions failed, the survivors had to endure a harsh winter before another attempt could be made. in the new book "frozen in time
the time.hor recounts >> below are the barren wasteland of greenland. here is the setting of one of the most difficult rescue operations in naval and air force history. >> they are flying up in fjord toward a glacier when the pilot and copilot realize they are flying amok. they do not know up from down. they cannot i'm the horizon. they know if they continue flying straight, they will likely knows into a glacier. >> the left wing struck some a death -- some unidentified object. when it stopped, i was still in .y seat the crash was a complete surprise to everyone because no one realized we were anywhere
near the ground. >> suddenly, this giant bee-17 --ber, this lying fortress flying fortress is turned into a giant bobsled. it breaks in half, and the men ,ave all survived, again incredibly, although several are injured and they had no idea how they are going to survive even more than a few days. no more rescues can be done. winter is setting in, and any hope of a quick rescue is just impossible. the question becomes -- how are they going to survive the arctic winter in the tail section of ?his b-17 they have no survival gear, no survival training, no working
radio, and they really only have each other. the only way they could survive that long was with the help of some incredibly heroic rescue and supply pilots. three survived on the ice for 148 days -- five months living in ice. almost into in this glacier from which they emerged the following april, april of 1943. the story really is about selflessness, how the selflessness of the rescue effort, the selflessness of the supply efforts, and certainly, above all, the selflessness of the men who are down on the glaciers, down waiting for rescue, whose first thought again and again was, "how do i help the guy next to me?" tons out that was the key survival more than macho posturing, more than survival skills. it was focusing on the guy next
to you. >> what an incredible story. harrowing experiences during world war ii described in the book "frozen in time. oh now the story for all you science fiction fans. we are all identified with ufo 's, but did you know that up until 2009, britain actually had a department of defense investigating them? some of the more recent files have been released, and they are proving quite an interesting read. >> we mere earthlings witness dramatic evidence that aliens this just in the new "superman" blockbuster, but records show that we used to be more easily convicts -- convinced. in 2009, with no proof and to cut costs, the ufo desk was closed. now, the national archives in london, the last of britain's x-
files, is stored online. inthis is a young girl manchester who saw some funny lights with her dad. >> for this historian, it is a treasure trove of sorts. >> it is things about human behavior, human belief, and the will to believe. some people want mystery in their lives. they do not want somebody like me saying that there are not any ufo's. they want to believe there is something out there. >> it may have been too much science fiction, but the files show people held firm to their beliefs. so for the man with carlisle who thought he was living with an alien to the camper who swore et took his tent, the government sent this standard response letter -- polite but firm "thanks but no thanks."
>> that is it from us. have a very good weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture
captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> brown: fury and unrest in brazil swelled to new heights last night, when one million people took to the streets in anti-government protests. good evening, i'm jeffrey brown. >> suarez: and i'm ray suarez. on the "newshour" tonight, we get the latest on what's fueling the outrage and what brazil's government might do to quell it. >> brown: then, we continue our series "inside immigration reform". tonight, we debate whether those seeking permanent residence in the u.s. should be required to learn english. >> suarez: "money is the root of all evil," it's been said, but could it be true? paul solman reports on new research to determine whether wealth may make us more likely to bend the rules. >> people all the way at the top were actually cheating four times as much as someone all the way at the bottom, jus w